REQUIREMENTS TO THE ETHICS OF PUBLICATIONS

The editorial board of the journal Oncology and Radiology of Kazakhstan is guided in its work by the Code of Responsibility for the publication of studies: international standards for authors, recommendations of the Committee on Publications Ethics (COPE).

Introduction

Publication is the final stage of scientific research. Academic research should have detailed information on the research conducted. Researchers are required to ensure the integrity, clarity, accuracy, completeness and balance of their publication, should avoid selective, ambiguous reporting and not mislead the readers.

1. Reasonableness and reliability

1.1 The research should be conducted in accordance with ethical standards and relevant laws.

1.2 Researchers should use appropriate methods for analyzing and displaying data.

1.3 Authors should take collective responsibility for their work and for the content of their publication.

1.4 Authors should carefully check calculations, textual data and proof of claims.

2. Honesty

2.1 Researchers must provide reliable results without manipulating data. Images (micrographs, X-rays, photographs) should be presented without correction.

2.2 Researchers should strive to describe methods and conclusions clearly and unequivocally.

2.3 Research sponsors cannot veto publication of results that are not conducive to the release of their products or are inconsistent with their position (exceptions: studies classified by the government because of security issues).

2.4 The authors should immediately notify the editor if they find an error in the submitted, accepted or already published work. Authors should cooperate with editors in correcting or refuting the published data.

2.5 The data referred to by the authors should be accurately reflected in the citations and references.

2.6 The data referred to by the authors should be accurately reflected in the citations and references.

3. Balance

3.1 New results should be presented in comparison with previous studies. Other people’s work should be fairly represented. Scientific reviews and synthesis of existing studies should be complete, balanced, include all the conclusions, regardless of whether they support the hypothesis or not.

3.2 Research limitations should be reflected in publications.

4. Originality

4.1 The authors bear personal responsibility for the fact that the works are original and have not been published in another publication or in another language. The work should not be presented simultaneously in more than one publication, unless the editors agreed on joint publication. If the articles are published jointly – this fact should be clear to the readers.

4.2 The applicable laws and conventions on copyright must be observed. The copied material (tables, drawings, extensive quotations) should be reproduced with reference to the source.

4.3 Previous work and publications of other researchers should be duly mentioned and quoted. All used literature should be reflected in the list of used literature.

4.4 Data, text, pictures or ideas provided by other researchers should not be presented as their own – the initial interpretation of the data, taken directly from the publications of other researchers, should be written in inverted commas.

4.5 Several publications arising from a single research project should be clearly identified, and the primary publication mentioned. Translations and information adapted for different audiences should be clearly identified, with reference to the original in compliance with relevant copyright conventions and other requirements and permissions. Before reprinting any of the previously published works, the authors must obtain permission from the first publisher.

5. Transparency

5.1 All sources of research funding, including direct and indirect financial support, the supply of equipment and materials, as well as other types of assistance (e.g. statistical processing) should be indicated.

5.2 Authors should disclose the role of research to the sponsor (if any) – research algorithms, analysis, and interpretation and reporting.

5.3 Authors should indicate financial and non-financial interests and relationships that may influence the interpretation of the results obtained. Authors should follow institutional requirements when disclosing competing interests.

6. Authorship and recognition

6.1 Scientific literature is necessary in order to publish the results of the research became available to a wide audience, and the authors who made the discovery, became known. Therefore, the authorship of scientific publications should accurately reflect the contribution of each author to the work.

6.2 In cases where there is a basic, less significant or only technical contribution to the research, all authors should be properly listed. The editors of the journal should publish and promote the accepted criteria of authorship; they cannot participate in the resolution of the dispute of authorship. Responsibility for authorship lies with the authors themselves.

6.3 Researchers should ensure that authors who meet the authorship criteria are included in the authors list (they have made a significant contribution to the work). Institutes and editors of journals should encourage practices that prevent “guest” -, “gift” – and “ghost” – authorship: “guest-authors” – who does not meet the authorship criteria, but are listed because of their seniority, reputation or alleged Influence; “Ghost authors” – who meet the authorship criteria, but are not included in the authors list; “Authors as a gift” – meet the established criteria of authorship, but are listed as personal favors or in exchange for payment.

6.4 The responsible author must contact the editor and the authors, keep the co-authors informed and involve them in the adoption of the main publication decisions.

6.5 Authors should not use recognition to describe the contribution of persons who, in fact, were not involved in the work.

7. Accountability and responsibility

7.1 All authors should read and understand the work and ensure that the publication is consistent with the principles outlined in the manual. Authors should share responsibility for the integrity of the research and its reporting. If authors take responsibility only for certain aspects of research and their reporting, this should be indicated in the publication.

7.2 Authors should cooperate with the editor or publisher to correct their work as soon as possible if errors or omissions are discovered after publication.

7.3 Authors should comply with relevant conventions, requirements and rules to make the data available to other researchers who request it. Authors should follow the relevant standards of the journal. Researchers cannot claim authorship as a condition for sharing materials.

7.4 Authors should respond appropriately to comments after publication, published correspondence. They should try to answer questions from correspondents and, if necessary, provide clarifications or additional details.

8. Reviewing and publishing

8.1 Authors must follow the requirements of publishers that the publication will not be submitted for review at the same time in different journals.

8.2 Authors should inform the editor if they withdraw their work from consideration.

8.3 Authors should respond to comments of reviewers professionally and in a timely manner.

8.4 Authors should respect publishers’ requests that prohibit commenting on research results prior to publication in the journal. Press releases must accurately reflect the work and should not include statements that go further than the results of the studies.

9. Reporting of studies involving humans or animals

9.1 The approval of LEC, licensing or registration must be received before the study is initiated, the details must be provided in the report.

9.2 At the request of the editors, the authors must provide evidence that the studies have been authorized and carried out ethically (e.g., copies of permits, licenses).

9.3 Researchers should not publish or transmit identifying personal data collected during the research, without the informed consent of the individual (or his representative). Researchers should remember that many scientific journals are freely available on the Internet, and therefore one should remember the risk of causing the danger (study participants or their families).

9.4 Researchers should publish all relevant results. There is an ethical responsibility for publishing the results of all clinical trials. The publication of unsuccessful studies or experiments that reject the hypothesis can help prevent other studies (from the need to spend time and resources on similar projects). The findings of small studies, and those that do not achieve statistically significant results, should be published, as they can be used to create useful information (for example, using meta-analysis).

9.5 Authors should provide research reports to the editors of the journal, if required (for example, during clinical trials). Researchers should follow the requirements for the registration of clinical trials and indicate the registration number of the study in all publications relevant to this clinical study.