Analysis of main statistical indicators of oral and pharyngeal cancer in the Republic of Uzbekistan

J.M. Alimov1, N.S. Karimova.1

1. The Republican Specialized Scientific-Practical Medical Center of Oncology and Radiology, Tashkent, the Republic of Uzbekistan

DOI: 10.52532/2663-4864-2021-4-62-4-8

УДК: 617.51/53:616.006-036.22

Год: 2021 выпуск: 62 номер: 4 страницы: 4-8

Скачать PDF: 2012.2-3.24-25_10.pdf

Аннотация:

Relevance: According to GLOBOCAN data for 2020, oral and pharyngeal cancer ranked 25th in mortality (98 412 cases, 0.5% of all cancer deaths) and 26th in the number of diagnosed new cases (48 143 cases, 0.5% of all new cancer cases) in the world. Oral and pharyngeal cancer
incidence is growing steadily globally and in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Oral and pharyngeal cancer ranks 16th in the structure of cancer incidence in the Republic of Uzbekistan, with a rate of 1.8 per 100 000 people.
The purpose of the study was to analyze the main statistical indicators for tumors of the oral cavity and pharynx in the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2015-2021.
Methods: We analyzed the main statistical indicators for tumors of the oral cavity and pharynx in the Republic of Uzbekistan for 2015-2020 obtained from the Reporting Form #7 “Information about malignant neoplasms cases.”
Results: Over the past six years, the incidence rate per 100,000 people has increased from 1.4 in 2015 to 1.8 in 2020. In 2015-2020, in the Republic of Uzbekistan, 2,240 patients died from malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity and pharynx. The mortality rate per 100,000 people
decreased from 1.4 in 2015 to 1.2 in 2020.
Conclusions: Tumors of the oral cavity and pharynx rank 16th in the structure of cancer incidence in the Republic of Uzbekistan and tend to grow. A recent increase in oral and pharyngeal cancer incidence and its late detection could be explained by worsening detection and diagnostics. The stabilization of oral and pharyngeal cancer mortality results in socio-economic losses for the Republic. The provided statistical data is the basis for improving the indicators of incidence and mortality related to oral and pharyngeal cancer in the Republic of Uzbekistan

Ключевые слова: epidemiology, malignant neoplasms (MNs) of the oral cavity and pharynx, statistics.

Ссылка: J.M. Alimov, N.S. Karimova. Analysis of main statistical indicators of oral and pharyngeal cancer in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Oncology and Radiology of Kazakhstan, 2021, 62 (4), 4-8.

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