Epidemiology of colorectal cancer in the Republic of Kazakhstan
А.А. Khozhayev1, D.R. Kaidarova1, 2, А.К. Dzhakipbaeva1, К.К. Smagulova2, T.T. Sadykova1, 2, A.V. Rubanova1, N.A. Amanbekov1, А.Т. Kemelzhanov1, A.B. Tokbay1
1. Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan;
2. JSC “Kazakh Institute of Oncology and Radiology,” Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan
Год: 2021 выпуск: 61 номер: 3 страницы: 9-14
Relevance: Today, colorectal cancer is one of the most important health issues in Kazakhstan and worldwide. Colorectal cancer leading positions in the general structure of oncopathologies force clinicians to develop ways to improve its statistical indicators.
The purpose of the study was to investigate the epidemiological aspects of colorectal cancer in the Republic of Kazakhstan in 2010-2019.
Results: The article presents and analyzes the epidemiological indicators of colorectal cancer in the Republic of Kazakhstan over the past decade. The incidence trends were studied considering the territorial characteristics, early detection, and neglect indicators for this type of malignant neoplasms in this country. We also analyzed the 5-year survival, one-year fatality, and mortality rates for the studied period. Comprehensive comparative analysis of these epidemiological indicators made it possible to visualize the results of many years of work to improve oncological indicators and formulate further improvement directions.
Conclusions: An analytical assessment of colorectal cancer statistical indicators of over a decade showed an increase in incidence, with some regions leading year to year. However, such indicators as early detection, one-year fatality, and mortality from colorectal cancer have improved.
Ключевые слова: colorectal cancer (CRC), colon cancer, rectal cancer, epidemiology.
Ссылка: А.А. Khozhayev, D.R. Kaidarova, А.К. Dzhakipbaeva, К.К. Smagulova, T.T. Sadykova, A.V. Rubanova, N.A. Amanbekov, А.Т. Kemelzhanov, A.B. Tokbay. Epidemiology of colorectal cancer in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Oncology and Radiology of Kazakhstan, 2021, 61 (3), 9-14.