Experience in teaching cancer alertness to primary care doctors in the Republic of Kazakhstan

A.A. Bazarbayeva1, R.Z. Boranbayeva1, L.N. Manzhuova1, K.S. Shakhmetova1, G.K. Abdilova1, G.A. Nurzhanova1

1. JSC «Scientific Center of Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery,» Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan

DOI: 10.52532/2663-4864-2021-1-59-4-7

УДК: 616-006.04.-07:616.155

Год: 2021 выпуск: 59 номер: 1 страницы: 4-7

Скачать PDF: 2012.2-3.24-25_10.pdf

Аннотация:

Relevance: Malignant neoplasms (MN) lead the structure of childhood mortality worldwide. At that, most cases are detected at advanced stages. Early diagnostics is required to improve treatment outcomes in children with cancer. The success mainly depends on oncological alertness and knowledge of primary care doctors.
The study aimed to analyze the results of training primary care doctors in early diagnostics of oncological and hematological diseases in children using MN staging.
Results: The paper shares the experience of teaching primary care doctors on early diagnostics of oncological and hematological diseases in children. The analysis used the patient data with staged diagnosed MNs. 3,092 primary care doctors were trained according to the programs we developed and implemented for training trainers and primary care and specialized doctors on early diagnostics of oncological and hematological diseases in children. The training of
many primary care specialists has improved early children cancer detection rates. Thus, early cancer detection (stage I-II) in children has improved from 29% in 2015 to 37.2% in 2016, 38.2% in 2017, 40.3% in 2018, and 41.4% in 2019. Since 2020, early detection of MN in children prevails (53%).
Conclusion: Despite the extensive experience and fairly good results comparable to international indicators, the problem of late cancer detection in children remains urgent since it worsens survival forecasts and increases the cost of treatment of oncohematological diseases in children.

Ключевые слова: malignant neoplasms (MN), early diagnostics, children, oncological diseases

Ссылка: A.A. Bazarbayeva, R.Z. Boranbayeva, L.N. Manzhuova, K.S. Shakhmetova, G.K. Abdilova, G.A. Nurzhanova. Experience in teaching cancer alertness to primary care doctors in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Oncology and Radiology of Kazakhstan, 2021, 59 (1), 4-7.






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